Forex Trading

Candlestick Patterns Explained Plus Free Cheat Sheet

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Shooting stars and hammers are the best know variations. They come in 4 variations, each of which indicates a different reversal based on where and when they form. Over 13 different patterns exist, but here’s the 4 you need to keep your eye on. I’ll go over the key patterns, what they mean, and how to make them work for you.


These are bearish signals that need confirmation with a down swing in price after the pattern forms. Candlestick chart patterns show you the present not the future. They can be used to position traders for good odds of capturing the next direction of price movement by aligning them in the path of least resistance.

For newer traders, even reading candlestick charts can seem like an insurmountable learning curve. There appears no rhyme or reason, and no end to the amount of price and volume data being thrown your way. Candlestick patterns are generally either bullish or bearish, but there are over 50 well-established candlestick patterns for traders to watch for. An inverted hammer candle is most commonly seen at the bottom of a downtrend where it signals the start of an upside reversal. Bullish traders begin to gain some confidence and attempt to push the exchange rate higher.

Technical charts are a two-dimensional representation of price over time. By the way, if you easily get tired of staring at Forex charts, what you need is this chart overlay indicator that gives your MT4 a fresh, modern look. The indicator also makes your chart look more compact and easier to analyze.

Three White Soldiers

Learn how to trade forex in a fun and easy-to-understand format. The final candle MUST close below the low of the first candle; otherwise it shows the bears may not have control over the bulls. The second candle always forms bearish should reach the halfway point of the prior bull candle. The falling three only forms during downmoves, and signals a continuation of the prior movement.

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A candlestick cheat sheet is a guide to help new traders make smart decisions. Candlesticks not only tell a story by themselves but they provide key support and resistance levels. Day and swing traders must understand how to read various candlestick patterns to help them make split-second decisions in the stock market. Candlesticks charts originated in Japan and are referred to as Japanese candlestick charts.

Continuation Patterns

An evening star is a relatively rare but reliable candlestick pattern that appears during uptrends and signals a bearish reversal. The relatively complex pattern consists of three candles. You’ll typically find the doji candlesticks near the ends of trends, as they indicate exhaustion on the part of the bulls or bears. Make sure to combine them with other technical points – e.g support and resistance levels, supply and demand zones – to confirm a reversal has a high probability of beginning. These figures shows some of the most common and reliable types of bearish two-day trend reversal patterns in an uptrend.

As with all of these what is aaa rating definition and that meansations, the goal is to provide an entry point to go long or short with a definable risk. In the example above, the proper entry would be below the body of the shooting star, with a stop at the high. Engulfing patterns offer a great opportunity to go long while keeping risk defined to a minimum. As you can see in the example below, the prior bearish candle is completely “engulfed” by the demand on the next candle.

A forex cheat sheet containing the most useful bearish and bullish candlestick patterns for currency traders appears in the sections below. You can use this cheat sheet as a reference when looking to incorporate candlestick charts into your trading plan. Candlestick charts provide a visual tool to help traders get a feel for the forex market and identify various candle shapes or multi-candle patterns that have predictive value. You can use candlestick charts to identify a trending market and to trade based on the appearance of reliable candlestick patterns. Technical traders might use candlestick charts computed for one or multiple timeframes, such as 15-minute charts, 1-hour charts or daily charts, to name a few.

green or white

Our wallpaper background below is a handy guide and looks good on your desktop too. Each end of the candlestick is also indicative of either the opening or closing price. Don’t forget that there’s still about a 40% chance of the candlestick pattern not working out. Each pattern has its own unique characteristics and can indicate bullish or bearish market sentiment. The body of the red candle needs to engulf or be slightly bigger than the green candle.


The first candle will always be bearish and form at the bottom of a downtrend. Candle #2 will always be bullish and should push price at least back to the halfway point of the prior bear candlestick. The first candle will always be bearish and form at the end of a downtrend or large downswing. The candles appear similar to spinning tops, in that they show the bulls and bears are engaged in heavy battle, with neither side able to gain the decisive edge over the other.

For this to be valid, it MUST close below the halfway point of the first candle. It forms when price makes a quick move higher but stalls at a high. Sometimes a Doji will show price has stalled, but usually it’ll be some kind of indecision candle. Price will then proceed to fall almost the entire length of the bull candle, creating the pattern. Continuation patterns signal a continuation – hence the name – of the prior movement or trend.

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In the end, what forms is a candlestick with a small body and short wicks above and below the body. Click the button below to download the candlestick pattern cheat sheet PDF! It’s a simple graphic with top candlestick patterns you can download. Much more common in stocks than forex, the three white soliders and three black crows patterns provide high probability signals price could soon reverse its current direction. Bullish and bearish engulfs are two of the most well-known reversal patterns in Forex, they are used as confirmation signals in a whole host of technical trading strategies.

The brother of the evening star is, of course, the morning star. First up, we have three white soldiers and three black crows. A candle MUST form within the range – between the high and low – of the previous candle. Doji’s usually form towards the end of trends/moves but often appear mid trend as well. The pattern is confirmed when the next candle CLOSES past the open.

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Click Hereto try our trading community free for 7 days. If you would like to contact the Bullish Bears team then please email us at bbteam[@] and we will get back to you within 24 hours. We follow the same strategy as before, go long once the pattern is confirmed with a stop loss from the point where the price increases. Now… does understanding INTENTION, trump Technical Analysis… YES IT DOES… any day of the week. Next, we have the three inside up and three inside down patterns.

There are several types of charts that traders will use to find trading opportunities. They are very useful in finding reversals and continuation patterns on charts. While we discuss them in detail in other posts, in this post we… One of the best methods to train your “chart eye” to see these patterns is to simply replay the market, noting each time you see a particular candle.

Single Candlestick Patterns

That way you don’t have to try and remember what each one looks like and means. Eventually you won’t need it as much, but it’s going to take time. You can also use your cheat sheet as a study guide after market hours. Studying is the most important part of learning to trade.

  • Moreover, two or more candlesticks create patterns that enable a trader to make decisions on the market’s direction.
  • The following image shows the four possible hollow and filled candle combinations when using hollow candlestick chart settings.
  • The first candle is always bullish and forms at the end of an uptrend or large upswing.
  • Candlesticks not only tell a story by themselves but they provide key support and resistance levels.
  • Candlestick patterns are separated into two groups, simple designs that stand for single candle formation that provide much information by itself, signaling a technical event.

The first in this pattern, which is usually the last bull candle in the trending move, is always bullish with the second being bearish. The first candle is always bullish and forms at the end of an uptrend or large upswing. Some of the most famous candlesticks patterns are made up of two candlesticks. The final The next candle MUST close above the first candle’s high for the pattern to show the bulls have overwhelmed the bears.

Download the Candlestick Patterns Cheat Sheet PDF for Free

In addition to reversals, the candlesticks can also identify when the markets are ready to continue their trend. We’ve grouped the bullish and bearish price action patterns here to identify the ones that are reversal indicators. These are great examples of bullish candlesticks that you can reference now and then to familiarise yourself with the patterns. To put it another way, using candlesticks compared to line charts is like watching a movie in HD vs. black and white. The problem here is that are are 30+ candlestick patterns to learn from memory. The most popular way to look for trading opportunities is by looking for candlestick patterns.

Right-click the image below to download the candlestick patterns cheat sheet pdf. The only common neutral candlestick pattern is the Doji. The Doji forms when the market is undecided whether to go up or down.

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From the diagram above, we will study some candlestick patterns to aid you in gaining a clearer idea of how studying these patterns are helpful in the early identification of trends. They are chart patterns that signal a trader about a change in an existing trend. However, just as it is with many other Forex trading tools or concepts, Forex candlestick patterns are not meant to be used in isolation. You may have to combine them with some other Forex trading tools to get the most out of them. This cheat sheet will help you to easily identify what kind of candlestick pattern you are looking at whenever you are trading.

  • The three inside down formation is a bearish reversal pattern that foms at the end of up-trends.
  • A trader can start seeing the patterns that emerge from buyers and sellers shifting the price action around key technical price levels of resistance and support on a chart.
  • An inverted hammer is a type of bullish single candle that occurs on a candlestick chart after buyers begin putting upward pressure on a currency pair.
  • And with enough repetition, enough practice, you just might find yourself a decent chart reader.

As a general rule, candlestick patterns work between 55% and 65% of the time, which is generally pretty good. The best way to read into candlestick patterns and use them is based on the percentages. While a candlestick pattern can’t be correct 100% of the time, some patterns have an excellent track record for predicting how a market might react in the future. Candlestick patterns can provide useful information about market sentiment and potential price movements, but they should not be relied on exclusively. The bearish reversal pattern is like a mirror image of the bullish reversal pattern.

The second candle forms roughly double the size, and pushes price back into the prior down move. The third candle is the biggest and shows the bulls have overwhelmed the bears, resulting in a reversal. These patterns are common and reliable examples of bullish two-day trend continuation patterns in an uptrend.

They often have a complex structure and more strict rules on where and when to enter and exit a trade. Of course, some are easier to identify, while some are more complex. Those that are more complex are advanced chart patterns, and they are, as expected, more difficult to be recognized on charts. The only thing a beginner trader needs at the beginning of a trading journey is to survive the first few months and learn as much as possible. And an excellent tool to do that is using cheat sheets. Now you’ve locked in the idea of what candlestick patterns are, let’s dive straight into the different segments of the forex candlestick pattern cheat sheet.

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